Optimización de la Programación del Tiempo de Riego para Reducir el Consumo de Agua en Cultivos

Published in: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure for Sustainable Cities and Communities: Proceedings of the 17th LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education and Technology
Date of Conference: July 24-26, 2019
Location of Conference: Montego Bay, Jamaica
Authors: Edwin Collado (Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá, PA)
Martin Poveda (Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá, PA)
Yessica Saez (Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá, PA)
(Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá)
Full Paper: #23


In recent decades, the disproportionate use of water has become one of the main problems worldwide, especially in the Latin American and Caribbean region. For this reason, some governments have developed initiatives to encourage the population to make rational use of water in the different economic sectors. One of these initiatives is the implementation of advanced technologies to improve water management in agricultural systems since the agricultural sector represents one of the main consumers of this resource. This work proposes the implementation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for the design of an irrigation system that minimizes the total water consumption in crop irrigation systems by optimizing the programming of the system's operating time, considering the needs hydric of plants and environmental conditions. The proposed problem is represented by a linear programming problem that is solved using mathematical and simulation tools. The results presented show that, compared to traditional irrigation systems, the proposed algorithm uses less water when optimizing irrigation time, guaranteeing at all times the minimum water requirement of the plants.