Dissociation Of Carbon Links By Microwave Plasmatic Energy And Power For Waste Transformation

Published in: Innovation in Education and Inclusion : Proceedings of the 16th LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education and Technology
Date of Conference: July 18-20, 2018
Location of Conference: Lima, Perú
Authors: Fernando Enrique Valencia Amador (Universidad Nacional De Ingenieria, PE)
Jaime Luyo Kuong (Universidad Nacional De Ingenieria, PE)
Walter Francisco Estrada LÓpez (Universidad Nacional De Ingenieria, PE)
Full Paper: #429


Herein, we analyzed the molecular dissociation of carbon links using plasma radiation energy. This is a destructive method that is employed for the disposal of organic waste, particularly those species that have carbon bonds with a toxic nature and negative environmental impact. We evaluated the physical and chemical conditions to break the carbon links and foster molecular interactions into a process that results in either useful products or harmless substances that are disposable. We proposed a novel technique to quantitatively evaluate the reduction in the quantity of carbon bonds in a sample by direct radiation without plasma thermal action. This makes it possible to generate gasification mechanisms that could produce harmless gaseous products in an energy transformation process. Plasma energy production is based on the interaction between microwave radiation and electromagnetic fields generated by absorbing antennas. At high temperatures, a thermal activity occurs during this interaction, with the absorbing antennas acting as electromagnetic sinks and an action–reaction process generating plasma energy that is released to the surroundings, where liquid samples under assay are located and pass through a filter in which we introduce the concept of mechanical disaggregating system. This system acts as a digester by transforming carbon molecules and other substances into less polluting compounds. We used a mixture of cyanide dissolved in water as an assay sample, coming from a mine waters, which was subjected to the plasma radiant component and studied this energy generated acting over the purification and transformation of samples.