El Video Educativo Como Estrategia Metodológica en la Enseñanza Universitaria

Published in: Innovation in Education and Inclusion : Proceedings of the 16th LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education and Technology
Date of Conference: July 18-20, 2018
Location of Conference: Lima, Perú
Authors: Ivan Sandoval (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
Brian Cagua (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
Francisco Álvarez (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
Marco Molina (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
Patricio Estrada (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
Full Paper: #286


The research shows an alternative to contribute to the learning process of the students by applying educational videos as a didactic mean in university teaching therefore, it intends the innovation of the traditional education process. Due to the factors such as: low academic performance of the students entering the university, the high difficulty module in the bachelor's university course, and the few available time of the students to get tutorial sessions held by lecturers, this research proposes the use of educational video as a support in university teaching process. Taking into account that a considerable amount of students have unlimited internet access, not only in their residences, but also in their smartphones, educational videos represent a didactic approach to cover difficult modules. The advantages are the facility to play them as many times as students require in a convenient schedule. In addition, the educational video is made by the National Polytechnic School teachers, garanting its quality The videos also offer the possibility to show complex past exams so the students, get accustomed the methodology. As initial step in this research, trigonometric functions were taken in the fundamentals of mathematic module since it is is one of the most difficulty modules for EPN students in the first course . The results of the new strategy are prosperous satisfactory. Furthermore, students of 12 different courses of fundamentals of mathematic consider that the videos are a support in their learning process therefore enhancing their academic performance. Additionally, the content of the videos have been supervised, so a constant feedback is used to increase the quality of this resource. Finally, two evaluations were done, to determine the impact of the video in their learning process. It is imperative to show that a group of students have taken advantage of this resource, thus improved their learning performance.