Predicción y Análisis del Nivel Cognitivo de Jóvenes de 15 Años del Ecuador utilizando Regresión Lineal de Múltiples Variables

Published in: Innovation in Education and Inclusion : Proceedings of the 16th LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education and Technology
Date of Conference: July 18-20, 2018
Location of Conference: Lima, Perú
Authors: Ruth Cueva (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
Jaime Calderón (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
Juan Almachi (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
Edwin Bone (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
Martín Medina (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
Jessica Montenegro (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
Nelson Medina (Escuela Politécnica Nacional, EC)
(Escuela Politécnica Nacional)
Full Paper: #93


The cognitive level is measured in the PISA tests that are carried out every 3 years in the countries associated with the OECD. Ecuador participated for the first time in 2017 in these tests. It is proposed to adjust a mathematical model based on linear regression of multiple variables involving previously investigated factors that have a relationship with the average cognitive level of a country. The factors used are: level of education of parents, minimum wage, fertility rate, infant mortality, access to early education, unemployment rate, government expenditure on education and teenage pregnancy. With the results obtained, it is analyzed which factors have the most influence to give general guidelines where one must work to increase the level of education in Ecuador.